Task 1 - Comprehension: Purpose and Rhetoric
Common Core State Standards Assessed by Task
The reading and writing standards stress that students must learn to draw sufficient evidence from a range of different types of complex text from across the disciplines. Evidence-based questions provide students with opportunities to demonstrate their reading comprehension beyond identification of a single provided correct response. This also cultivates students’ ability to evaluate and incorporate evidence. Depending on the text, students are expected not only to determine the main idea, the point of view, and even the meaning of words and phrases as part of gathering and analyzing evidence, but also to identify and articulate the multiple pieces of evidence on which their analysis is based. Many of the constructed responses such as sorting, classifying, categorizing, sequencing and other forms of expressing reading comprehension are readily used in the classroom as teachers determine whether students are able to show that they comprehend deeply grade-level complex text.
"Let Us Continue1" by Lyndon Johnson
|1||Summarize how Johnson uses rhetoric to advance his purpose in the speech, "Let Us Continue."||This option asks students to write a summary of how the speaker’s use of rhetoric advances his purpose. In this option, students must understand that this task implicitly requires an identification of the speaker’s purpose prior to the analysis of rhetoric. Additionally, students must understand what it means to write a summary of how the speaker’s use of rhetoric advances his purpose. None of the above requirements is explained or delineated in this option.|
Using Graphic Organizer: Task 1, Option 2 After reading Johnson’s speech:
A. Determine a purpose that is conveyed in Johnson’s speech. Write the purpose as a sentence in the first row of the graphic organizer below. Then, identify three pieces of textual evidence from Johnson’s speech that convey the purpose you determined. Write each of the three examples in the graphic organizer below.
B. Now that you have determined the purpose and identified examples of textual evidence that convey the purpose, summarize how Johnson uses rhetoric to advance his purpose.
|Unlike option 1, the steps in this option are delineated. Students must still know what it means to write a summary of how the speaker’s use of rhetoric advances his purpose, but the task is broken into steps by asking students to determine a purpose of the speech and identify textual evidence before summarizing how the speaker uses rhetoric to advance his purpose.|
Using Graphic Organizer: Task 1, Option 3
Johnson has several purposes in his speech, “Let us Continue.” These purposes include:
B. Finally, summarize how Johnson uses rhetoric to advance his purpose.
|This option also delineates the steps of the task. Several purposes of the speech are identified for students. Students must choose one purpose and support the chosen purpose with details from the text. This option still requires students to know what it means to write a summary of how the speaker’s use of rhetoric advances his purpose.|